學了一大堆英文單字,遇到要請假、加班、出差或是找人代班的時候,卻還是詞窮說不出口嗎?以下幫你一次整理好辦公室實用英文,趕快來看看吧!

 

A. 請假

請假最普遍的說法是take...day(s) off 或 take...leave,意思就是「沒有來上班(上課)...」。例如:
take a leave / take a day off (請一天假)
take a 3-day leave / take 3 days off (請三天假)

例句:
1. I have 3 days off. (我有三天的假)
2. I'm going to take a day off. (我將要請一天的假)
3. I was on leave for three days for personal reasons. / I was on personal leave for three days. (我請了三天事假)

相關單字與用語
personal leave 事假
sick leave 病假
annual leave 特休
official leave 公假
marriage leave 婚假
funeral / bereavement leave 喪假
maternity leave 產假
paternity leave 陪產假
menstruation leave 生理假
ask for leave 向...請假
grant leave 准假
on leave 告假中
leave request form 假單
call in sick 打電話到公司請病假 (如果接到某個同事請病假的電話,要轉告他人,就能這麼說)
fill in for someone 頂替 / 代理某人職務 (也可以用口語用法cover for)
have one's hands full 忙不過來、忙得不可開交

實用例句
1. I will be away for a month on maternity leave and Tina will fill in for me until I get back. (我將請一個月的產假,在我回來之前,Tina會負責代理我的職務)
2. A: I'm not feeling well. I'd like to ask for a sick leave this afternoon. (我有點不舒服,今天下午想要請病假)
    B: Sure. Remember to fill out the leave request form and I will approve it later. (好,那你記得要填好假單,我等等會簽)
3. A: Why didn't John show up today? (為什麼John今天沒出現?)
    B: He just called in sick this morning. (他今天早上打來請病假了)
4. A: Could you cover for me this afternoon? I have my hands all full and I need to pick up the kids. (你可以幫我代今天下午的班嗎?我的工作行程全滿,而且要去接小孩)
    B: Sure, no problem. (好的,沒問題)

 

B. 下班

表示下班的說法其實很多元,最直接的是 got off / knock off (work),也可以直接說 I'm going home. 其他說法,例如:
leave the office (要加上適當的時間副詞,例如幾點、多晚,以免讓人誤會成「辭職」)
to call it a day 今天就(暫時)到此為止吧!(表達活動告一個段落,或是建議共事者該結束了回去休息)

相關單字與用語
1. go to work 上班
2. wrap something up / wrap up something 結束、了結某事
3. leave work / a job 離開一個職位或工作

實用例句
1. You can leave the office early today, but don't make it a habit. (你今天可以提早下班,但別養成習慣了)
2. I'm still at work. I'll call you as soon as I leave the office. (我還在上班,一下班就打電話給你)
3. A: I'd like to speak to your manager. (我想和你的經理說話)
    B: I'm sorry. He just got off (work). (很抱歉,他剛剛下班了)
4. A: It's almost 8 p.m. If there are no other comments, I'd like to wrap this meeting up. (現在已經快八點了,如果大家沒有其他想法,我想結束今天的會議了)
    B: Okay. Let's call it a day. I could do with a drink. (好,今天工作就到此為止,我實在想喝一杯)
5. Annie left her job and went abroad for further study. (Annie辭掉工作去國外深造了)

 

C. 加班

加班最常見的說法是work overtime / do overtime,縮寫"OT"。另外,overtime除了「加班」的意思,也可以代表「加班費」。

相關單字與用語
In the middle of something? 你現在正在忙嗎?(意思等於"Are you busy right now?"或"Do you have a minute?")

實用例句
1. A: Hey, are you in the middle of something? (嘿,在忙嗎?)
    B: Not at all. What's wrong? (沒有耶,怎麼了?)
    A: Do you have any plans after work? Let's go shopping! (你下班要做什麼?我們去逛街吧!)
    B: Sorry, I have to work overtime... (抱歉,我今天要加班...)

 

D. 輪班

輪班的英文是shift,所以「輪班工作、值班」我們可以說work (in) shifts。

相關單字與用語
1. day shift / regular shift 日班
2. night shift 小夜班
3. graveyard shift 大夜班
4. take one's shift 請人代班
5. office worker / 9-to-5er 上班族 (工作時間固定)

實用例句
1. I have to work double shifts tomorrow. (我明天要值兩班)
2. I'm on day shifts. (我是早班的)
3. Can you take my shift? (你能幫我代班嗎?)
4. Tired of the routine life of being a 9-to-5er, Jenny became a backpacker after he retired. (厭倦了上班族一成不變的生活,Jenny在退休後成為背包客)

 

E. 出差

出差的說法有很多種,以下皆可:
be on a business trip in 某地
be in 某地 on business
go on a business trip to 某地
go to 某地 on business
take a business trip to 某地

實用例句
1. Lily was on a business trip in Hong Kong last week. (Lily上週去香港出差)
2. I'll go to Singapore on business next week. Is there anything you'd like me to get for you while I'm there? (我下週要去新加坡出差,你有沒有想要我幫你帶什麼回來?)
3. I'd like to take a business trip to Europe. (我想要去歐洲出差)
4. How long will you be on a business trip in Korea? (你要去韓國出差多久?)

 

 

 

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參考資料: 
https://www.managertoday.com.tw/dictionary/cond/55241
https://tw.blog.voicetube.com/archives/60962

 

 

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